There are many different types of oral cancer which we are going to discuss today! According to Globocan 2012 Data, accessed on 6th August 2014, India has the most substantial number of Oral Cancer cases in the recent years. One-third of the total number of Oral Cancer Cases of World are diagnosed in India that is 30% of the total number of cases in the World. Every year around 77,000 new cases emerge due to Lung Cancer out of which 52000 die that means the death rate is between 70% to 80% for Oral Cancer. Also, the stats reflect that men are more prone to Oral Cancer compared to that of women.
In the recent interview, the Head of the Oncology Department at AIIMS Delhi, Dr. Deo said that Oral Cancer cases in India are increasing at an alarming rate and the primary cause found behind this Tobacco. Tobacco consumption has killed over 100 million people worldwide in the last one decade. This a terrifying number and a concerning one too.
No doubt Tobacco is a significant cause of the Oral Cancer, but there are many other factors too which are contributing to Oral Cancer. One of them is lack of proper diagnoses at the right time. The initial stage cure rate of Oral Cancer is high compared to that of an advanced stage. In this article, we will know about the different types of Oral Cancer.
Oral cancer is tailored to the uncontrolled growth of cells which with time invades and affects the nearby organs whereas an understanding of the type of oral cancer will help in carrying out proper diagnosis and treatment. Read in detail about different Oral Cancer types.
Different Types of Oral Cancer
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Carcinoma means cancer. In Squamous Cell Carcinoma, some of the squamous cells of mouth are abnormal. A total of about 90% of oral cancer occurred in the mouth cavity, and oropharynx is Squamous Cell Carcinoma. The cells of Squamous Cell Carcinoma are flat and arranged in a scale line way covering of mouth, nose, larynx, and throat.
Verrucous carcinoma is made of cells of squamous cells which grows at a slow rate. Around 5% of all Oral Cancer or Oral Cavity Tumors are Verrucous Carcinoma. It is uncommon that this type of cancer will spread to its nearby organs but they can affect the tissues which are surrounding the site of origin.
Minor Salivary Gland Carcinomas
Minor Salivary Gland Carcinoma is a type of oral cancer which happens to takes or develops in Minor Salivary Glands present in the mouth. These minor salivary glands are found at the lining of Mouth and Throat. The different kinds of Minor Salivary Carcinomas are the mucoepidermoid carcinoma, polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma.
The type of oral cancer which develops on the lymph tissue/ nodes which is the part of the immune system of the are called Lymphomas. In mouth, tongue and tonsils are the most familiar section where the Lymphoma can occur. The most common signs which a person who has Lymphoma can experience is the Painless Swelling of the lymph nodes, most commonly on the neck as neck also possess some types of lymph tissues. Lymphoma is further classified into two categories that are Hodgkin Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.
Melanomas originate from the pigments that are producing cells which give its color to the skin. Melanomas can occur in any part of mouth or throat. Therefore, the remedy to this type of Oral Cancer is the regular oral health checkup. Radiotherapy and surgery are the conventional methods which are useful for treating Melanoma.
Benign Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Tumors
Most of the time a tumor grows with time, but that doesn’t mean that they are cancerous. This non-cancerous growth of the tumor is known as Benign. The general observed between Benign and Cancer is that cancer can spread to the nearby organs whereas benign doesn’t. But in some cases, they can spread to the nearby organs. Therefore surgery is suggested for all the Benign patients as benign doesn’t reoccur in the body after being removed. Different benign tumors are listed below:
- Eosinophilic granuloma
- Granular cell tumor
- Verruciform xanthoma
- Condyloma acuminatum
- Odontogenic tumors
- Pyogenic granuloma
Leukoplakia and Erythroplakia
Leukoplakia is the state of mouth and throat which can cause abnormal functioning of cells. These are the precancerous signs which don’t harm the body at the initial stage, but with time they can turn into cancer. A person suffering from Leukoplakia will get to experience white patches in the mouth. These white patches occur in the mouth occur due to the growth of abnormal cells which are called dysplasia. Therefore, undergo the health check-up and get proper treatment. A biopsy is the suggested diagnostic test for Leukoplakia.
Just like Leukoplakia, Erythroplakia is also the precancerous sign which can develop into cancer if proper care is not taken. In Erythroplakia, harmless red patches appear in the mouth which can bleed easily. Go for biopsy and get to know that you are progressing towards cancer or not.
As per the stats, Leukoplakia is less prone to grow as cancer compared to Erythroplakia. Out of 100 Leukoplakia cases, there are only 5 cases which can develop as cancer, but in the case of Erythroplakia, about 50 of 100 instances grow like cancer. However proper care can eliminate the growth of cancer lesions from Leukoplakia and Erythroplakia.
These were the types of Oral Cancer whose knowledge can help you get a more precise and better treatment. Know about the symptoms of Oral Cancer and its forms and accordingly go for the screening. To know in detail about this, you can book an appointment with the experts of Candrol. Don’t miss read to read the other aspects of Oral Cancer like causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention, etc.Leave a reply